Birth and afterward

Birth and afterward

Find out what happens as you go into labor and when your baby is born.

You're likely to know when you're going into labor – the signs of labor but if you're unsure, make sure you talk to your midwife or doctor. There are danger signs during pregnancy when you should seek immediate medical help.

The first stage of labor happens when the neck of the womb (the cervix) stretches to let the baby out. Contractions start and the cervix slowly opens until it is 10 centimeters wide, ready for the baby to pass through. For first-time mothers, this stage can last 6–36 hours.

The second stage of labor is when the pushing happens and your baby is born. This stage begins when the neck of the womb (cervix) is fully open and lasts until the birth of your baby. It can take 1–2 hours to push out your first baby.

The third stage of labor is when the Whenua/afterbirth (placenta) comes out. 

Having a baby is the most natural thing in the world, but it’s different for every woman. Sometimes things don’t go as planned for the labor or you need help with the birth. Find out about inducing labor, pain relief, and help during birth. 

Placing your baby on your bare skin encourages the baby to feed as soon as possible after the birth. Find out about starting breastfeeding – the first feeds.

© RMI Ministry of Health and Human services

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